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Scientific research of departments

Department of Economics and Management in Industry conducts research activities in sciences, in Mining and Geology and broadly implies subject-matters connected with economics and management in industry. Scientific, research activities and practical application are accomplished in 4 main branches of studies:
  1. Reconstruction and modernization of present mines and restructuring of mining industry, including among others:
    • optimization of mining deposit management in order to adjust to free market economy,
    • rationalization and improvement of present mine models to focus on modernization of mining-processing processes and optimization of integrated mines elements and structure elements of opening out on the premises of existing and designed levels in active mines,
    • programming of mining development and mining industry of coal, ore and chemical raw materials in order to provide efficient mining of useful minerals,
    • restructuring of mining plants comprises of:
      • technical and technological restructuring,
      • employment restructuring,
      • organizational and ownership restructuring,
      • financial restructuring,
      • ownership transformation in mining industry, including commercialization and privatization,
    • research on economic effectiveness of mining investments as well as developmental and modernizing within the limits of social-economic changes and implementation of free market economy principles'
    • organization of building new extracting levels and ventilation and other elements which enter into the composition of levels within the limits of reconstruction and modernization of existing mines, mining plants and their elements,
    • modelling of main and accessory processes in working faces and exploitation fields/areas in active coal and ore mines as well as those under reconstruction;
  2. Economic and organization in mining, including among others:
    • rationalization and improvement of main and accessory processes related to mining of main mineral as well as the accompanying ones in existing mines,
    • planning, monitoring and effectiveness in mining production,
    • mathematical modeling and technological processing control in mines,
    • production organization and mine management,
    • preparation and analysis of business plans;
  3. Management and marketing in industry, including in particular:
    • economic and financial issues for enterprises,
    • analysis and diagnosis of enterprises,
    • banking and capital markets with effectiveness in investing and gaining capital,
    • marketing in enterprise operations,
    • legal and economic aspects of import and export,
    • organization and optimization of production processes,
    • legal and economic aspects of environmental protection,
    • organization of investment processes,
    • strategic and operational management with logistics elements,
    • accountancy, financial analysis and finance management,
    • controlling in enterprises;
  4. Obtaining, conversion and effective usage of energy, including among others, estimation of domestic revived energy resources and their effective use in environmental protection aspects.

Department of Environmental Engineering and Mineral Processing
Current range of activity of Department workers contains both issues connected with mineral processing and other materials as well widely understood environmental engineering. Among topics being realized in Department the following ones can be distinguished:
  1. Environmental engineering
    • Problems of CO2 sequestration which are very important for us. Experience of Department staff in this aspect is connected with investigations of this medium transport to gunis in mines. Actually, together with IGSMiE PAN, we continue investigations in purpose to enlarge knowledge about sequestration by mineral and wastes carbonization.
    • Formal and informal ecological education in Poland and other countries of EU and creation of proecological attitudes.
    • Reclamation of postindustrial areas – we investigate in details state of soils and plants in areas of zinc and lead ores exploitation and elaborate new forms of reclamation.
    • Environmental monitoring with using of traditional measuring methodology and telemonitoring.
    • Methods of alternative fuels collection, including renewable ones.
    • Minimization of nuisance of extractive industry to natural environment ("cleaner production").
    • Monitoring of coal wastes dumpsites.
    • Issues connected with social acceptance of reclamation activities.
    • Management of postindustrial areas.
    • Methods of hazardous wastes storage in underground areas.
    • Issues of mines liquidation.
    • Performance of ecological survey of institutions, evaluation of plants and industrial objects interactions with environment, elaboration of wastes management plans.
  2. Methods of mineral raw materials processing and beneficiation (natural and wastes)
    • Basic and technological researches of classification and comminution of mineral raw materials.
    • Investigation of basic phenomena occurring in multicomponent water systems.
    • Selection of new reagents in beneficiation processes of mineral raw materials.
    • Determination of interactions on interfacial boundaries in flotation systems.
    • Designing of technological systems of mineral raw materials processing.
    • Investigations of comminution, classification and dewatering methods.
  3. Wastes management
    • Various research methods of products particle size distribution, mainly fine-grained ones.
    • Management of municipal wastes (technologies of recycling and neutralization), management of wastes (organization of wastes collection in commune, plans of wastes management).
    • Management of mineral industrial wastes (from coal and non-ferrous metals mining, energetic wastes, metallurgical wastes), monitoring of thermo-gas activity of wastes dumps, technologies of wastes recycling in various industries. Particularly, we have achievements in wastes recycling in mining technologies.
    • Problems of underground hazardous wastes dumpsites. High knowledge and specialization in this aspect made possible (within KBN grant project) to construct investigative dumpsite in one of salt mines. We prepare conditions to select regions for dumpsites mines being under liquidation process. Problems of hazardous wastes, especially ashes from wastes combustion plants, is also being realized with possibilities of their recycling taken into consideration.
    • Methods of recycling and neutralization of wastes, including wastes storage in mines.
    • Elaboration of new technologies of processing, recycling and utilization of various wastes.
  4. Water clearing
    • Methods of selection and concentration of valuable or toxic components from waters and effluents.
    • Issues of water and effluents management.
  5. Process identification and evaluation of materials characteristics.
    • Enhancement of municipal wastes management systems in agricultural areas.
    • Application of methods of image recognition in identification of materials and wastes properties.
    • Investigations of mineral raw materials and wastes properties.
    • Modeling and optimization of processes in mineral processing plants, including their monitoring and automation.
    • Investigations concerning technological identification of flotation processes.
    • Modeling of mineral processing by means of various modeling methods.
    • Role of measurements adequacy, data qualification and forecasts preciseness.
    • Investigation of deterministic and random components separation in processes course and new methods of stochastic description of mineral processing and grained materials.
    • Investigation of industrial data collection, their processing and systems of processes automation in processing plants.
    • Research of specific surface of materials, mainly by flowing methods.

Subjects of scientific research conducted by Department of Geomechanics, Civil Engineering and Geotechnics focuses on the following problems:
  1. Examining properties of rocks, stoneware, mineral aggregate, filling materials, building land and foundations as well as underground shaft linings:
    • examination of solid rocks,
    • examination of filling material,
    • examination of stone elements quality and their functional quality estimation in civil engineering,
    • examination of building materials,
    • examination of geotechnical properties of soils.
  2. Solving geo-mechanical problems related to mining:
    • assessing the influence of mining exploitation on underground headings and surface area,
    • computer analysis of state of stress, strain in rock mass on plane sections and spatially in any mining situation,
    • prediction of destruction zone around mine headings,
    • assessing rockburst hazard and intensity location of stress zones,
    • calculation and designing parameters for shaft lining in the form of bearing, roof bolting and mixed lining.
  3. Solving geomechanical and geotechnical problems in Geoengineering:
    • analysis of bank and slope stability by means of the following methods: Bishop, MasĹ‚ow, Janbu, Fellenius and others.
    • embankment forming,
    • assessment of rock mass deformation during borehole mining of sulphur,
    • analysis of occurrence possibilities and prediction about embankment and slope slides,
    • design and analysis of transport embankments.
  4. Solving technical problems in underground civil engineering
    • optimization of shaft sinking and deepening technology as well as driving of dog headings,
    • research on new constructions, materials and methods for shaft lining design,
    • applying mining building methods for the needs for preservation of historical underground sites,
    • research on underground storage of gas and liquid fuel and waste disposal,
    • research on wall and concrete lining of mining underground working and non-mining by non-destructive methods,
    • research on technology of mine working liquidations,
    • technology design for rock mass freezing for the needs for vertical and horizontal driving of a working in complex hydro-geological conditions,
    • design for shaft liquidation in difficult mining-geological conditions,
    • design for protection of endangered underground workings, historical old city complexes and historical mines.

Scientific research conducted by Department of Surface Mining is mainly related to opencast mining problems, borehole mining of solid raw materials, environmental protection in mining and material applications in civil activities.
Scientific research mainly focuses on:
  • scientific description of fore-design for mining development and processing of brown coal,
  • scientific description of development forecasts and production of rock raw materials, mainly building and road aggregate,
  • design for deposit management (pre-design, design, technical documentation studies),
  • new, innovative technologies of opencast and borehole mining (of solid raw materials),
  • research on new generation of explosives and their mechanical loading,
  • application of blasting techniques in civil activities,
  • seismic monitoring and supervision over blasting (expert authorization by WUG),
  • estimation of mining influence on the environment, including Natura 2000 areas,
  • water economy and water environmental management,
  • mining reclamation and revitalization of industrial areas,
  • liquidation of mines and management of post-mining areas,
  • rational use of waste and accompanying materials,
  • dismantlement or reconstruction of mine tips and waste heaps,
  • predictions and strategies for mining techniques of mineral raw materials,
  • estimation of innovation in applied and used mining technologies.

The researches mentioned above are done in four research stations, in which there are six laboratories such as:
  • Central Laboratory of Blasting Techniques and Explosives in Regulice,
  • Laboratory of Blasting and Environmental Protection,
  • Laboratory of Soil and Rock Studies,
  • Laboratory of Hydrology and Hydraulics in Geoengineering,
  • Computer Laboratory of Modeling and Forecasting for Engineering Processes,
  • Interfaculty Field Station for Environmental Research.
Department participates in implementation of domestic and foreign scientific research projects, including EU INTERREG and FORESIGHT.

At present, Department of Underground Mining focuses on the following research issues:
  • technologies of underground deposit exploitation for typical and untypical geological-mining conditions,
  • origin of rockburst and mining event phenomena, methods of risk evaluation by events and rockburst,
  • influence of mining activity on rock mass and land surface,
  • testing and monitoring techniques for working lining and rock mass,
  • cooperation between roof bolting and rock mass under conditions of static and dynamic load occurrence,
  • resource management, effectiveness and risk assessment of underground mining,
  • technologies for injection seal, insulation and strengthening of rock mass,
  • control and optimization of ventilation systems in underground mining plants,
  • preventive methods and risk assessment: methane, fire, gas or rock breakout, dust, climatic,
  • technologies for methane extracting and disposal from coal beds and gases in mines,
  • modelling of two-phase flows,
  • underground gas storage,
  • conditions for making salt chambers for storage needs,
  • ergonomics,
  • reasons for work accidents, analysis of risk and preventive action efficiency.
Research is done in the following laboratories:
  • fluid mechanics,
  • thermal engineering,
  • mining aerology,
  • industrial ventilation and air-conditioning,
  • salt leaching,
  • industrial safety (microclimate, gas measurements, dustiness, noise, lighting and others).
Moreover, the following research stations already work or are under construction:
  • research and validation of porosity medium model ( under construction),
  • refrigerating and air-conditioning engineering (under construction),
  • research on statistic load of roof bolting (up to 1600 kN under construction),
  • research on dynamic load of roof bolting,
  • research on filling materials and rock strength,
  • research on rock mass in situ (thermo-visual camera, intro-scope camera, extensometers, dynamometers).

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